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What is Orthopedic Rehabilitation?


It is a specialized sub-unit in the fields of orthopedic rehabilitation, physical therapy and rehabilitation, and deals with a very dense disease group. After the patient who is suitable for orthopedic rehabilitation is evaluated by the physical therapist, a special rehabilitation program is prepared for the patient, and the patient and the physiotherapist start working one-on-one in this process. The duration of the treatment and the number of sessions to be performed vary according to the patient's problems.

What are the Goals of Orthopedic Rehabilitation?


The aims of orthopedic rehabilitation are to restore or improve the body functions lost due to disorders in the skeletal structure of the patient. The aim is to bring the patient back to his/her job and profession as a result of the treatment, to return him/her to his/her job and profession, and to enable him/her to live without being dependent on others.

The patient who will undergo orthopedic rehabilitation is prepared for a special rehabilitation program after being evaluated by the physical therapy and rehabilitation specialist and physiotherapist, taking the opinion of the treating orthopedic specialist. The rehabilitation process is determined as a result of one-on-one work with physiotherapists according to the patient's potential, the patient's contribution to the treatment and compliance.

For Which Patients Is Orthopedic Rehabilitation Applied?


Orthopedic rehabilitation is applied in all orthopedic cases of the musculoskeletal system that require conservative or surgical treatment. Before and after orthopedic intervention (surgery, plaster, splint, prosthesis, etc.), the patient should be evaluated and a close, medium and long-term physical therapy plan should be prepared. Plans for the future of the patient should be discussed with the orthopedic and physical therapist and assistants, and an orthopedic rehabilitation protocol should be established from the very beginning.

The work done is not only to bring the patient to the highest level of functional well-being and rehabilitate them, but also to protect the current condition of the patient and the surgery performed. orthopedic rehabilitation;

  • Joint stiffness and circulatory disorders after fracture, dislocation,

  • Before and after meniscus, ligament injuries and other sports injuries,

  • In scoliosis and spinal curvature,

  • After flat feet, foot problems and sports injuries,

  • Before and after orthopedic surgeries such as prosthetics. Orthopedic rehabilitation is applied in the treatment of many diseases that cannot be counted yet. 

In which diseases is Orthopedic Rehabilitation Most Commonly Applied?

  • Amputation rehabilitation; It is the surgical removal of part or all or both of the bone of the arm or leg. 85% of amputations that can be performed due to many reasons are in the legs. After the patients are stabilized after amputation, the orthopedic rehabilitation approach should be activated and stump rehabilitation should be started. Prosthesis and orthosis are applied for the lost area. Rehabilitation continues according to the location and condition of the prosthesis.

  • Endoprosthesis surgeries; These are joint prosthesis surgeries that are mostly applied to large joints such as knees, hips and shoulders. Efforts are made not to add new ones after the operation to the problems that already existed before the operation. As soon as the patient is stable, orthopedic rehabilitation should be started immediately.

  • Fracture rehabilitation; Depending on the condition of closed or operated fractures, physical therapy applications that reduce edema and pain and increase blood flow are performed during the healing period. After plaster removal or surgical operation, walking and balance training should be given with cane or crutches. Orthopedic rehabilitation should be started at the same time.

  • Scoliosis rehabilitation; Physical therapy and rehabilitation are of great importance in the pre- and post-operative period.

  • Knee cruciate ligament injuries.

  • Meniscus injuries and tears in the knee.

  • Many diseases, such as traumatic muscle and tendon injuries in the shoulders and elbows, are included in the field of orthopedic rehabilitation.

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