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Hip Replacement and Revision

Hip replacement and revision surgery covers orthopedic surgical procedures for hip joint deformations that are unresponsive to physical therapy and medication. Structural deterioration of the labrum cartilage, dynamic femoral head, or acetabulum due to rheumatic diseases, osteoporosis, or calcification can cause pain, limited movement, and difficulties walking. Through replacement of the entire hip joint or the affected part, patients can return to their normal, pain-free life, restore hip mobility, and recover from limitations in movement and walking difficulties.

What is Hip Replacement?

Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in orthopedics where the hip joint, which has limited mobility due to calcification or other reasons, is completely or partially replaced with artificial joint parts. To alleviate pain and increase hip mobility, there are three types of hip prosthesis: full hip prosthesis, partial hip prosthesis, and cartilage surface coatings. The types of total hip prosthesis are differentiated based on the material used: Metal head with polyethylene socket, Porcelain head with porcelain socket, and Metal socket with metal head. The methods of hip replacement surgery include Cemented hip replacement and Cementless hip replacement.

How is Hip Replacement Surgery Performed?

The type of hip replacement surgery performed is based on the severity of the joint deformity and the patient's symptoms. In full hip replacement, the joint can be completely replaced. In some cases, replacement of only the femoral head with a prosthesis is sufficient. Another common hip replacement procedure involves cleaning and covering the cartilage surfaces surrounding the socket and femoral head with bone cement. The total hip prosthesis replacement of the femoral head is performed using a combination of cemented or cementless methods in the socket prosthesis and uncemented in the thigh bone, under general anesthesia using an open surgery approach. The patient is usually able to walk around under medical supervision the day after the operation. If no pain or infection occurs, the patient can be discharged from the hospital on the second day.

What is Hip Replacement Revision Surgery, How Is It Done?

previously undergone a hip replacement surgery. In this procedure, all components of the joint are removed and repositioned after addressing any issues with the tissue. In some cases, the prosthesis may need to be replaced entirely. The goal of revision hip replacement surgery is to correct any problems that have arisen with the previous hip replacement, such as loosening of the prosthesis or joint infection.

After Hip Replacement Surgery  

Physical therapy is a crucial aspect of post-operative care following hip replacement surgery. The hip joint is one of the largest joints in the body, and it provides support and movement to the entire leg and the rest of the body. The hip muscles are also dense, making rehabilitation and physical therapy essential to ensure a quick and successful recovery and optimal use of the artificial joint.

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