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Cerebral Palsy

Damage to the brain for any reason during infancy or in the womb causes infancy cerebral palsy, which we call cerebral palsy.


There is a direct correlation between the development of motor skills in infants and the strengthening of the muscle and nervous system. As motor skills develop, the muscular, skeletal and nervous systems become stronger; As the muscle, skeletal and nervous systems get stronger, motor skills develop and evolve into fine motor skills.


Cerebral palsy, which is diagnosed and treated within the scope of pediatric neurology, interrupts this development and growth process in infants. Cerebral palsy, which has consequences such as difficulty sitting, crawling and walking, may also have consequences such as difficulty in speaking and walking, retardation in intellectual development, depending on the degree of cerebral palsy.

What is Cerebral Palsy?

It can be summarized as neurological based muscle and movement developmental retardation, usually caused by cerebral palsy that occurs in the womb or in the early stages of infancy.

What Causes Cerebral Palsy?

  • Premature birth, premature infancy

  • Oxygen deficiency in the womb

  • Maternal febrile illness during pregnancy

  • Pregnancy at a very young age or after the age of 40

  • Deprivation of oxygen during birth

  • Trauma to the brain at birth

  • Infection of the baby during delivery and/or in the neonatal unit

  • Having infectious diseases with high fever during infancy

  • Cerebral hemorrhage due to head trauma in infancy

Diagnosing Cerebral Palsy 

Physical examination by pediatric neurologists often provides the first valid data on the possibility of cerebral palsy. Pregnancy and birth history and neurological findings are interpreted together. It is possible to make a definitive diagnosis with imaging devices such as EEG, MRI and Head Ultrasonography.

The diagnosis of cerebral palsy also determines the limits of the damage to the brain and allows us to detect the type of cerebral palsy.

Types of Cerebral Palsy

  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy

  • Unilateral/Hemiplegia Cerebral Palsy

  • Bilateral/Diplegia Cerebral Palsy

  • Quadriplegic/ Quadriplegia Cerebral Palsy

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

  • Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy

  • Mixed Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Treatment of cerebral palsy proceeds in the form of different procedures in each child, depending on the type and degree of the disease. Diseases such as cerebral palsy require treatments in which many medical units work together.

Thanks to interdisciplinary treatment approaches conducted by pediatric neurologists, pediatricians, physiotherapists, orthopedists, nutritionists and special educators and special therapists, it is possible to greatly eliminate the developmental retardation caused by cerebral palsy. 

Botox and physical therapy applications are common treatment techniques used to improve muscle tone in cerebral palsy.

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