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Multiple Sclerosis Treatment

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. It leads to damage of the nerve fibers in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves, resulting in decreased communication between the brain and the body.

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a central nervous system disease caused by the immune system attacking the nervous system. The exact cause of MS is still unknown, but it is believed to be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The immune system attacks the myelin, the protective layer around the nerves, causing the nerves it protects to stop functioning properly. This results in various symptoms, some of which can be managed.

What Are the Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple Sclerosis has many different symptoms. Symptoms can vary from person to person. Over time, the dosage of symptoms may increase. The main symptoms are as follows;

  • Numbness in legs and arms

  • loss of balance

  • Difficulty in walking

  • Visual disturbances (blurred vision, double vision, inability to see)

  • Speech difficulties

  • Trembling

How Is Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosed?

A neurologist is usually the medical professional who diagnoses Multiple Sclerosis. After a thorough examination, the neurologist may perform several tests to help make a diagnosis. These tests can include an MRI scan to detect inflammation in the spinal cord and brain, optical coherence tomography to check for thinning of the nerves in the back of the eye, a spinal tap to examine spinal fluid, and blood tests. These tests are important in the diagnostic process for Multiple Sclerosis.

What Are the Types of Multiple Sclerosis?

There are several different types of Multiple Sclerosis. Accurate diagnosis is important for the success of treatment. Multiple Sclerosis types are listed as follows;

  • Benign multiple

  • Repetitive and recurring

  • Primary Progressive

  • Secondary progressive

  • Marburg

Only one type of multiple Sclerosis will be seen during the disease. However, the condition can progress and change type.

What is the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis?

Unfortunately, Multiple Sclerosis does not have a cure at present. But, its symptoms can be effectively managed and reduced by utilizing the right treatment and making necessary lifestyle modifications. The appropriate use of medication, as well as regulation of daily activities, can help slow the progression of the disease.

Is Multiple Sclerosis a Genetic Disease?

No, it is not. However, having a sibling or parent with Multiple Sclerosis can increase the risk factor.

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