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What is a herniated disc?

The lumbar region of the spine contains intervertebral discs made of cartilage that act as a cushion between the vertebrae, allowing for smooth movement. Over time, these discs may deteriorate due to aging and wear and tear, causing tears in the outer layer of the disc. This can result in a herniated disc, which occurs when the inner part of the disc bulges out and affects surrounding nerves, causing pain in the legs. If someone is experiencing chronic leg pain, it is advisable for them to seek the advice of a specialist.

How is Herniated Disc diagnosed?

If the pain from a suspected lumbar hernia does not improve with initial treatments, further tests such as MRI and tomography may be performed to make a definitive diagnosis. These tests provide detailed images of the affected area that can help with the diagnosis of a herniated disc in the lumbar region.

How Is Herniated Disc Surgery Performed?

Surgery for a herniated disc is usually performed under general anesthesia and involves making small incisions, usually 1-2 cm, in the body to reach the affected area. The procedure is performed using a scope, which allows for minimally invasive surgery with minimal damage to surrounding tissues. During the operation, the herniated portion of the disc is removed or repositioned to relieve pressure on the nerves and improve symptoms. Most patients experience significant improvement soon after the surgery.

Who is Suitable for Herniated Disc Surgery?

Herniated disc surgery is the most suitable method for people who have tried non-surgical treatment methods before the operation and cannot get results (physical therapy, injection, etc.). In cases where foot drop occurs, immediate surgical intervention is required. The surgical method should be applied directly in cauda equina syndrome.

What are the Risks of Herniated Disc Surgery?

The incision made during the operation is extremely small. Therefore, the possibility of infection is low. Recurrence of the hernia is also a rare condition.

What is the process after herniated disc surgery?

The herniated disc surgery is performed using minimally invasive microsurgical techniques, resulting in minimal damage to the body. After a short one-day period of observation, patients who have undergone the procedure can go home. They are able to stand up and take care of basic needs the day after the surgery. It is important for patients to avoid heavy physical labor and maintain a healthy weight in the months following the procedure. After about 10 days of rest, patients can usually return to their normal daily activities.

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